Scholarly Research

Exposure to Air Pollution and COVID-19 Mortality in the United States: A Nationwide Cross-sectional Study. Authors: Xiao Wu, Rachel C. Nethery, M. Benjamin Sabath, Danielle Braun, and Francesca Dominici.

“A small increase in long-term exposure to PM2.5┬áleads to a large increase in the COVID-19 death rate. Despite inherent limitations of the ecological study design, our results underscore the importance of continuing to enforce existing air pollution regulations to protect human health both during and after the COVID-19 crisis.”

Long-term Exposure to Air Pollution and Trajectories of Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults. Authors: Erin R. Kulick, Gregory A. Wellenius, Amelia K. Boehme, Nina R. Joyce, Nicole Schupf, Joel D. Kaufman, Richard Mayeux, Ralph L. Sacco, Jennifer J. Manly, and Mitchell S.V. Elkind.

“WHICAP participants living in areas with higher levels of ambient air pollutants have lower cognitive scores at enrollment and more rapid rates of cognitive decline over time.”

Noise Pollution: A Modern Plague. Authors: Lisa Goines and Louis Hagler.

“The aim of enlightened governmental controls should be to protect citizens from the adverse effects of airborne pollution, including those produced by noise. People have the right to choose the nature of their acoustical environment; it should not be imposed by others.”

Ambient Neighbourhood Noise and Children’s Mental Health. Authors: P. Lercher, G. W. Evans, M. Meis, and W. W. Kofler.

Ambient levels of noise in the community are associated with decreased mental health in elementary school children.

Long-term Residential Exposure to Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Risk. Authors: Perry Hystad, Paul A. Demers, Kenneth C. Johnson, Richard M. Carpiano, and Michael Brauer.

We found increased risks of lung cancer incidence with residential exposures to ambient PM2.5 [fine particulate matter], NO2 [nitrogen dioxide], and O3 [ozone], as well as living within 100 m of highways.

Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease. Authors: Robert D. Brook, Sanjay Rajagopalan, C. Arden Pope III, Jeffrey R. Brook, Aruni Bhatnagar, Ana V. Diez-Roux, Fernando Holguin, Yuling Hong, Russell V. Luepker, Murray A. Mittleman, Annette Peters, David Siscovick, Sidney C. Smith Jr., Laurie Whitsel, and Joel D. Kaufman.

The preponderance of findings indicate that short-term exposure to PM2.5 over a period of a few hours to weeks can trigger CVD-related mortality and nonfatal events, including myocardial ischemia and MIs [myocardial infarctions], heart failure, arrhythmias, and strokes.

Association of Subclinical Hearing Loss With Cognitive Performance. Authors: Golub JS, Brickman AM, Ciarleglio AJ, Schupf N, Luchsinger JA.

An independent association was observed between cognition and subclinical Hearing Loss (HL). The association between hearing and cognition may be present earlier in HL than previously understood. Studies investigating whether treating HL can prevent impaired cognition and dementia should consider a lower threshold for defining HL than the current 25-dB threshold.

Other Literature

Leaf Blower Fact Sheet by Quiet Clean D. C.

Emissions Test: Car vs. Truck vs. Leaf Blower by Jason Kavanagh